Oldham Family History

OLDHAM,  Edward Colonel

OLDHAM, Edward Colonel

Male 1756 - 1798  (41 years)

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  • Name OLDHAM, Edward 
    Suffix Colonel 
    Born 8 Dec 1756  Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1775  Camden, Fairfield County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Military 1775  Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Military 1777-1778  Valley Forge, Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Association 1783 
    Honors 2 Nov-25 Dec 1789  Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1790  Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 4 Nov 1798  Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    1st Death Notice

    1787
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Death Notice Retraction

    1787
    Land 1819  Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Maryland Journal
      September 16, 1785

      To the Electors of Baltimore County.

      GENTLEMEN,
      At the Requeft of many Refpectable Characters, I now prefume to offer myfelf as a Candidate for the Office of SHERIFF of this County, and to folicit your Votes and Intereft at the enfuing Election.--If I fhould be fo fortunate as to fucceed, Duty and Inclination will prompt me to exert myfelf, to the utmoft of my Abilities, in difcharging the important Duties of that Office,m with Fidelity and Humanity, which I conceive, will be the moft gradeful Return that can be made you, by

      Gentlemen,
      Your moft refpectful and devoted
      Humble Servant,
      EDWARD OLDHAM
      Baltimore county, Sept. 6, 1785.


      Maryland Revolutionary War Records/ Ancestry.com

      Edward Oldham, Capt., 300 Acre grant issued 19 Feb 1825, Number Warran t: 1,110

      Looking for information on Col. Edward OLDHAM of Cecil County, MD. He died 4 November 1798. He had a son Edward born 12 Feb 1769 who married Jud th OGLEVEE born 1765. Contact me at df1210@aol.com Dennis

      ----- Original Message -----
      From: "Stacy McDermott"
      To:
      Sent: Thursday, November 04, 2004 3:25 PM
      Subject: Edward Oldham

      I am an assistant editor of the Papers of Abraham Lincoln, and I am researching a case in which Edward Oldham sued Abraham Lincoln. I am trying to find source material that would document his birth and death dates and places and his marriage. I know that he was born in March 1795 in Maryland; and died in December 1871 in Lexington, KY, but I have no citation for those dates.

      If you can provide any source material about him, I would appreciate it.

      Thank you,

      Stacy Pratt McDermott Assistant Editor Papers of Abraham Lincoln Series I: Legal Papers #1 Old State Capitol Plaza Springfield, IL 62701 (217) 785-9130

      The Battle of Camden
      August 16, 1780
      Camden District, South Carolina

      The Battle of Camden August 16, 1780 Early in the dawn hours of 16 August 1780, Colonel Otho H. Williams, surveying the American line, noticed the British advancing up the road. He consulted Captain Singleton of the artillery and it was detesh could be no more than 200 yards off. Williams gave the order for an artillery barrage and the British quickly unlimbered their guns and replied. The Battle of Camden had begun in earnest.Stevens, on the left, was ordered to move the Virginians forward and the inexperienced and seldom reliable militia responded with hesitation. Williams called for volunteers, led 80 or 90 troops to within 40 yards of the deploying British, and delivered a harassing fire from behind trees. Lord Cornwallis, positioned near the action and always alert, had noticed the Virginians' hesitation and ordered Webster to advance on the right. In what was one of the worst mismatches in military history, two of the best regiments to ever serve in the British Army, the 33rd Regiment and the 23rd Regiment, with the best trained light infantry in the world, came up against untrained and unreliable troops on the American left. Seeing the perfectly formed line sweep toward them with a mighty cheer then terrible silence, save the clanking of cold steel bayonet on musket barrel, the Virginians broke and ran. A few managed to get off a few shots and several of the British troops went down. However, the pell-mell panic quickly spread to the North Carolina militia near the road and soon the militia broke through the Maryland Continentals, stationed in reserve, and threw that normally-reliable troop into disarray.Seeing the wholesale panic of his entire left wing, Major General Horatio Gates mounted a swift horse and took to the road with his militia, leaving the battle to be decided by his more brave and capable officers. Incidentally, Gates covered sixty miles in just a few short hours! Although the Congress later exonerated him for his misconduct and cowardice, Gates never held a field command again.Baron Johann de Kalb and General Mordecai Gist, on the American right wing, and the Maryland Continentals were still in the field. One regiment of North Carolina militia did not take part in the flight and fell back into the fighting alongside the Delaware Continentals. Williams and de Kalb tried to bring Smallwood's reserve to the left of the 2nd Brigade to form an "L." However, Smallwood had fled the battle and the troop was without leadership. In the meantime, Cornwallis had advanced strong troops into the gap and between the two brigades. At this point Lord Cornwallis sent Colonel James Webster and his veteran troops against the First Maryland troops. Much to the credit of the Americans, they stood fast and went toe-to-toe with the best regiments in the world for quite some time. However, after several breaks and rallies, they were forced from the field and into the swamps. Most of the Maryland troops, because of the inability of Colonel Banastre Tarleton's horse to pursue in the terrain, escaped to fight another day.Only the Second Maryland Brigade, the Delaware Continentals, and Dixon's North Carolina militia continued the battle. At this point, it was some 600 men against 2,000. They had managed to check Lord Rawdon's left and had even taken a few prisoners. It should be noted here that in one of those strange battlefield occurrences, the American's most experienced Continentals were facing the British army's most inexperienced troops, the Royal NC Regiment. Baron Johann de Kalb personally led bayonet charge after bayonet charge for over an hour. His horse had been shot out from under him and he had suffered a saber cut to the head. In a final assault he killed a British soldier and then went down to bayonet wounds and bullet wounds. His troops closed around him and opposed yet another bayonet charge from the British.However, at this point, Colonel Tarleton returned with his horsemen from the pursuit of the fleeing militias and Cornwallis threw his horse troops on the American rear. The remaining American troops stood for a few minutes and fought the onslaught from all sides but finally broke and ran. The Battle of Camden was complete.About 60 men rallied as a rear guard and managed to protect the retreating troops through the surrounding woods and swamps. It should be noted that in the manner of warfare in the 18th Century, Lord Cornwallis took Baron de Kalb back to Camden and had him seen after by his personal physician. Unfortunately, the Baron succumbed to his wounds. He is buried in Camden and a monument has been erected to his memory on the old battlefield.Casualties for the Battle of Camden for the British were 331 out of all ranks for 2,239 engaged. This included two officers and 66 men killed, eighteen officers and 227 enlisted wounded, and eighteen missing. The American casualties have never been fully reckoned; however three officers died in battle and thirty were captured. Approximately 650-700 of General Gates' soldiers were either killed or taken prisoner out of 3,052 effectives engaged. The loss of arms and equipment was devastating to the American cause for months. Known Patriot Participants Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates - Commanding OfficerContinental Forces led by Maj. Gen. Johann-Alexandre von Robaii, Baron DeKalb in the following units:MD 1st Brigade led by Maj. Gen. William Smallwood with 400 men in the following units:MD 1st Regiment led by Lt. Col. Peter Adams, with Maj. Levin Winder, Capt. George Anderson, and Capt. William BruceMD 3rd Regiment led by Maj. Archibald Anderson, with Capt. Jacob Brice, Capt. John Smith, and Capt. Lilburn WilliamsMD 5th Regiment led by Col. William Richardson, with Capt. Perry Benson, Capt. Richard Bird, Capt. James Bruff, and Capt. Adam HoopsMD 7th Regiment led by Col. John Gunby, with Capt. Jonathan MorrisMD 2nd Brigade led by Brig. Gen. Mordecai Gist with 500 men in the following units:MD 2nd Regiment led by Lt. Col. John Eager Howard, with Capt-Lt. John Hardman, Capt. Edward Duvall, and Capt. John GassawayMD 4th Regiment led by Col. Josiah Carvel Hall, with Capt. Edward OldhamMD 6th Regiment led by Lt. Col. Benjamin Ford, with Capt-Lt. Nathan Williams and Capt. James SomervellThe DE Regiment led by Lt. Col. Joseph Vaughan with 280 men in the following six (6) known companies, led by:
      - 1st Company - Maj. John Patton
      - 2nd Company - Capt. Robert Kirkwood
      - 3rd Company - Capt. John Rhodes
      - 6th Company - Capt. John Learmonth
      - 8th Company - Capt. Peter Jacquett
      - Additional Company - Capt. George PurvisArmand's Legion of Horse & Foot led by Lt. Col. Charles Tuffin Armand with the following units:
      - Cavalry led by Count Nicholas Dietrick, Baron von Ottendorff with 60 men
      - 1st Troop of Dragoons - Lt. Richard Heard
      - 2nd Troop of Dragoons - Capt. Henry Bedkin
      - 3rd Troop of Dragoons - Capt. Jerome Le Brun de Bellecour
      - Corps of German Volunteers - Capt. Jost Driesbach with 40 men
      - Chasseur Company - Capt. Jacob Baner with 20 menMaj. Nelson's Regiment of VA State Cavalry led by Capt. Edmund Read, with 62 men in the following three (3) known companies, led by:
      - 1st Troop - Capt. Edmund Read
      - 2nd Troop - Capt. Martin Armand Vogluson
      - 3rd Troop - Capt. Charles FiererSC Volunteer Mounted Infantry led by Maj. Thomas Pinckney with 70 menContinental Artillery led by Col. Charles Harrison with 100 men in the following units:1st Continental Artillery Regiment of VA - Capt. William Meredith, with Capt.-Lt. John Blair, Capt. William L. Pierce, with 2 guns1st MD Continental Artillery Company led by Capt. Richard Dorsey, with Capt.-Lt. Ambrose Bohannon, with 2 guns2nd MD & 3rd MD Continental Artillery led by Capt. Anthony Singleton, with Capt.-Lt. Lewis Booker and Capt.-Lt. Richard Waters, with 4 gunsVA State Artillery Regiment led by Lt. Col. Elias Edmunds, with Capt. John WatlingtonVA State Troops, Light Infantry led by Lt. Col. Charles Porterfield, with six (6) known companies:
      - Capt. Thomas H. Drew
      - Capt. Thomas Upshaw
      - Capt. John Holliday
      - Capt. Thomas Downing
      - Capt. Thomas Minor
      - Capt. Edmund CurdNC Light Infantry (a temporary unit of NC State Troops) led by Maj. John Armstrong with 68 menNC State Militia led by Maj. Gen. Richard Caswell, Col. Thomas Blount (Adjutant General), Col. John Sitgreaves (Staff), Col. Benjamin Williams (Staff), Col. John Pugh Williams (Staff), Lt. Col. William Polk (Aide-de-Camp), and Maj. John Armstrong, with 1,800 men in the following units:Hillsborough District Brigade of Militia led by Brig. Gen. John Butler, with the following two (2) known regiments:1st Orange County Regiment of Milita, led by Col. Thomas Farmer, with eleven (11) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Abraham Allen
      - Capt. John Williams Daniel
      - Capt. William Horton
      - Capt. William Jamieson
      - Capt. Baxter King
      - Capt. James Mebane
      - Capt. William Nunn
      - Capt. Benjamin Rainey
      - Capt. William Rogers
      - Capt. John Walls
      - Capt. Daniel Woodson2nd Orange County Regiment of Militia, led by Col. John Collier, Maj. Bedford, Maj. James Dougan, Maj. William McCauley, and Maj. Joseph Sharpe, with the following twenty (20) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. William Chambers (Wake County)
      - Capt. Thomas Craig (Orange County)
      - Capt. Dillard (Orange County)
      - Capt. John Graves (Caswell County)
      - Capt. Davis Gresham (Orange County)
      - Capt. Shadrack Hargis (Orange County)
      - Capt. George Hodge (Orange County)
      - Capt. George Horton (Orange County)
      - Capt. Joseph Johnson (Chatham County)
      - Capt. John Johnston (Randolph County)
      - Capt. Buckner Kimbrell (Montgomery County)
      - Capt. Daniel McFarland (Caswell County)
      - Capt. David McFarland (Caswell County)
      - Capt. Robert McLane (Randolph County)
      - Capt. George Oldham (Caswell County)
      - Capt. John Rains (Randolph County)
      - Capt. George Samuel (Caswell County)
      - Capt. James Thompson (Orange County)
      - Capt. James Trice (Orange County)(POW/Died of Smallpox while in captivity
      - Capt. William Wilson (Guilford County)Caswell County Regiment of Militia detachment, led by Lt. Col. Henry "Hal" Dixon, Lt. Col. Stephen Moore, Maj. Micajah Lewis, and Maj. Cader Parker, with twelve (12) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Samuel Ashe (NC Continental Artillery)
      - Capt. Peter Bennett (Granville County Regiment)
      - Capt. William Bennett (Granville County Regiment)
      - Capt. John Benton (Gates County Regiment)
      - Capt. Lewis Bledsoe (Wake County Regiment)
      - Capt. John Bowman (Burke County Regiment)
      - Capt. Joshua Hadley (1st NC Regiment)
      - Capt. George Lee (Caswell County Regiment)
      - Capt. Daniel Odom (Caswell County Regiment)
      - Capt. James Ray (Orange County Regiment)
      - Capt. James Ross (Granville County Regiment)
      - Capt. Edward Yarborough (3rd NC Regiment)Salisbury District Brigade of Militia led by Brig. Gen. Griffith Rutherford, Lt. Col. David Love, and Major Thomas Harris (Aide-de-Camp), with the following ten (10) known regiments:Anson County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. Hicks, with three (3) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Patrick Boggan
      - Capt. Salathiel Clifton
      - Capt. John McInvale (killed)Burke County Regiment of Militia detachment, led by Lt. Col. William Wofford, with unknown number of men.Guilford County Regiment of Militia detachment, led by Col. John Peasley and Maj. Thomas Owen, with seven (7) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Asa Brashears
      - Capt. John Donnell
      - Capt. John McAdow
      - Capt. John Nelson
      - Capt. Peter O'Neal
      - Capt. Abraham Phillips
      - Capt. Henry WhitesellLincoln County Regiment of Militia detachment of three (3) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. William Armstrong
      - Capt. John Culbertson
      - Capt. William HutchisonMecklenburg County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. George Alexander, with the following fourteen (14) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Matthias Beaver
      - Capt. William Gardner
      - Capt. Samuel Givens
      - Capt. Conrad Hise
      - Capt. James Huggins
      - Capt. William Huggins
      - Capt. Nathaniel Marshall Martin
      - Capt. John McFalls
      - Capt. Thomas Shelby
      - Capt. Richard Springs
      - Capt. John Sterns
      - Capt. Steel
      - Capt. James White
      - Capt. David WilsonRichmond County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. William ThreadgillRowan County Regiment of Militia, led by Col. Francis Locke, with fifteen (15) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. William Bell
      - Capt. John Brandon
      - Capt. Alexander Davidson
      - Capt. Davis (killed)
      - Capt. John Dickey
      - Capt. Peter Hedrick
      - Capt. John Johnson
      - Capt. John Lopp
      - Capt. Jacob Nichols
      - Capt. Richmond Pearson
      - Capt. James Peavine
      - Capt. Samuel Reid
      - Capt. Richard Simmons
      - Capt. Thomas Tremain
      - Capt. WrightSurry County Regiment of Militia, led by Col. Martin Armstrong and Lt. Col. Robert Lanier, with the following eight (8) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Absalom Bostick
      - Capt. Samuel Dyer
      - Capt. James Freeman
      - Capt. David Humphreys
      - Capt. William Meredith
      - Capt. Paul Patrick
      - Capt. Arthur Scott
      - Capt. William Wilson (Rowan County)Washington County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Christopher CunninghamWilkes County Regiment of Militia, led by Col. Elijah Isaacs and Lt. Col. Drury Ledbetter, with eight (8) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. James Crump
      - Capt. Charles Gordon
      - Capt. Samuel Johnson
      - Capt. Joel Lewis
      - Capt. William Nall
      - Capt. William Nash
      - Capt. John Randleman (Rowan County)
      - Capt. Edward RutledgeEdenton District Brigade of Militia, led by Brig. Gen. Isaac Gregory and the following five (5) known regiments:Bertie County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Maj. James Foy, with one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Francis PughCurrituck County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. Samuel Jarvis with unknown number of men.Hertford County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Abner Perry (wounded)Martin County Regiment of Militia detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. John Kennedy
      - Capt. WilliamsPasquotank County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Owen WilliamsHalifax District Brigade of Militia detachment, led by Col. Jeptha Eatherton, with six (6) known regiments:Edgecombe County Regiment of Militia detachment of six (6) known companied, led by:
      - Capt. James Barrow
      - Capt. John Bell
      - Capt. Edward Hall
      - Capt. Simon Lee
      - Capt. Exum Phillips
      - Capt. Richard ShippFranklin County Regiment of Militia detachment, led by Lt. Col. William Brickell, with two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Julius Alford
      - Capt. Harrison MaconHalifax County Regiment of Militia detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Elisha Hurt
      - Capt. John PattersonNash County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Benjamin Kitchen (wounded)Northampton County Regiment of Militia detachment, led by Maj. Robert Peoples, with two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Samuel Lockhart
      - Capt. John PetersonWarren County Regiment of Militia detachment of six (6) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. John Macon
      - Capt. George Nasworthy
      - Capt. Benjamin Richards
      - Capt. John Vose
      - Capt. John White
      - Capt. Joel WrenNew Bern District Brigade of Militia, led by Col. Benjamin Exum, Maj. John Nall, and Maj. Agrippa Nichols, with five (5) known regiments:Craven County Regiment of Militia detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. David Roach
      - Capt. Joshua WindhamDobbs County Regiment of Militia detachment, led by Maj. Richard Caswell, Jr., with unknown number of men.Jones County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Simon Edwards (POW/Wounded)Pitt County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Augustin SpainWayne County Regiment of Militie detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Lazarus CrawfordWilmington District Brigade of Militia detachment led by Unknown, with five (5) known regiments:Bladen County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Joseph WoodBrunswick County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Thomas CallendarCumberland County Regiment of Militia detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Charles Crawford
      - Capt. John CoxNew Hanover County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. James LoveOnslow County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. James FoyVA Militia Brigade led by Brig. Gen. Edward Stevens and the following units:Louisa County Militia (VA) - Col. George Stubblefield, with Lt. Col. Joseph Spencer, Maj. William Moseley, and Capt. John ByersPittsylvania County Militia (VA) - Capt. Thomas RobertsCulpepper County Militia (VA) - Capt. William StantonFauquier County Militia (VA) - Capt. Elias EdmuncsAmelia County Militia (VA) - Lt. Col. Holt Richardson, with Maj. John Bias, Capt. William CraddockCaroline County Militia (VA) - Capt. James JohnsonHanover County Militia (VA) - Capt. John PriceBedford County Militia (VA) - Capt. Nathaniel Tate and Capt. Thomas LeftwichChesterfield County Militia (VA) - Lt. Col. Ralph Faulkner, with Capt. Archibald Walthal and Capt. BookerLunenburg County Militia (VA) - Capt. WalkerDinwiddie County Militia (VA) - Capt. George PegramMecklenburgh County Militia (VA) - Col. James LucasAmherst County Militia (VA) - Capt. Azariah MartinHalifax County Militia (VA) - Col. Lawson, with Capt. Paul WattingtonCharlotte County Militia (VA) - Col. Downman, with Maj. Henry Conway and Capt. Thomas WilliamsPittsylvania County Militia (VA) - Capt. Isaac Clement, Capt. William Dix, and Capt. Peter PerkinsHenry County Militia (VA) - Capt. Cunningham and Capt. George WallerPowhatan County Militia (VA) - Col. William MaySouth Carolina Militia, led by "Unknown":Turkey Creek Regiment detachment of four (4) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Robert Frost
      - Capt. Henry Lisle
      - Capt. Patrick McGriff
      - Capt. John SteelKershaw Regiment detachment of four (4) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. William Deason
      - Capt. George Dunlap
      - Capt. Thomas Glaze
      - Capt. Jack GrayCamden District Regiment detachment of three (3) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Benjamin Carter, with Lt. John Cathey, Jr.
      - Capt. Richard Tucker
      - Capt. John WeathersUpper Ninety-Six District Regiment detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Robert Maxwell
      - Capt. McALittle River District Regiment detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
      - Capt. Pendleton Isbell
      - Capt. William Mulwee2nd Spartan Regiment detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. John WalkerNew Acquisition District Regiment detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Maj. John WallaceFairfield Regiment detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. John LandCheraws District Regiment detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. Jesse SteadsOrangeburgh District Regiment detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. John McKenzieHill's Regiment of Light Dragoons detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
      - Capt. John HollisCol. Wade Hampton's Regiment detachment of one (1) known company led by:
      - Capt. Peter BurnsUnknown Regiment - one (1) company led by:
      - Capt. Robert DavisTotal Patriot Forces - 4,100 Known British/Loyalist Participants Lt. Gen. Charles Cornwallis - Commanding OfficerBritish Regulars led by Lt. Col. James Webster with 1,000 men in the following units:23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) led by Lt. Col. Nesbit Balfour with 292 men, including the following officers:
      - Maj. Frederick MacKenzie
      - Capt. William Keppel
      - Capt. Sir William Howe
      - Capt. Forbes Champagne
      - Capt. Thomas Saumarez
      - Capt. James Drury
      - Capt. Charles Ward Apthorp33rd Regiment of Foot led by Maj. William Dancey with 238 men, including the following officers:
      - Capt. Frederick Cornwalls
      - Capt. Allen Malcolme
      - Capt. James Campbell
      - Capt. John Manley
      - Capt. John Kerr
      - Capt. Hildebrand Oakes - Grenadier Company71st Regiment of Foot (Fraser's Highlanders) led by Lt. Col. Alexander McDonald with the following units:
      - 1st Battalion - Capt. Hugh Campbell, with 144 men
      - 2nd Battalion - Capt. "Unknown," with 110 menLight Infantry led by Capt. Charles Campbell with 148 men in the following units:71st Regiment of Foot (Fraser's Highlanders) led by Capt. Charles Campbell and the following unit:
      - Light Infantry Company - Lt. Archibald Campbell16th Regiment of Foot Light Infantry Company - Lt. John Skinner with 78 menNY Volunteers, 3rd Battalion, Light Infantry Company - Capt. "Unknown"Royal Regiment of Artillery with 19 men in the following units:3rd Battalion, Number 1 Company - Lt. John MacLeod, with 4 guns4th Battalion, Number 6 Company - Lt. William Marquois, with 2 gunsAdditionals, including artillery manned by the British Legion - 126 men with 6 gunsCorps of Guides & Pioneers - Lt. Andrew Husband, with 28 menProvincials led by Col. Francis Lord Rawdon, with 800 men in the following units:British Legion led by Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton and the following units:
      - Legion Infantry - Capt. Patrick Stewart, wtih 126 men
      - Legion Cavalry - Maj. George Hanger, with 182 menVolunteers of Ireland led by Col. Francis Lord Rawdon with 303 men, including the following officers:
      - Capt.-Lt. David Dalton
      - Capt. John Campbell
      - Capt. John Doyle
      - Capt. Charles Hastings
      - Capt. James King
      - Capt. John McMahonRoyal NC Regiment led by Lt. Col. John Hamilton with 267 menNC Volunteers Loyalist Militia led by Col. Samuel Bryan with 202 men, with the following officers:
      - Lt. Col. John Hampton
      - Capt. Nicholas WhiteTotal British/Loyalist Forces - 2,239

      A History of the Delaware State Society of the Cincinnati From Its Organization to the Present Time
      Page 49
      Henry Lee, in his edition of his father?s ? Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States,? says, by way of comparison, in speaking of Captain Edward Oldham, of the Fourth Maryland line, ? too much praise cannot be given h. He (Captain Oldham) was engaged in almost every action in the South, and was uniformly distinguished for gallantry and good conduct. With the exception of Kirkwood of Delaware and Rudolph of the Legion Infantry, he was probably entitled to more credit than any officer of his rank in Greene?s army,?a distinction which must place him
      high on the rolls of fame.?


      http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000426/html/am426--622.html

      A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
      Volume 426, Page 622

      OLDHAM, EDWARD (ca. 1756-1798). BORN. ca.1756.

      NATIVE: possibly; if so, second generation.

      RESIDED in Bohemia Manor Hundred, Cecil County; records indicate probably dual residence in Baltimore County, ca. 1780s.

      FAMILY BACKGROUND.

      FATHER, possibly Edward Oldham, a farmer who resided in Chester, Pennsylvania, in 1757.

      MARRIED in 1784 Mary (ca. 1765-1819), daughter of Joseph Ensor and wife Mary Bouchelle. Mary was the granddaughter of Peter Bouchelle and wife Catherine Herman.

      OTHER KINSHIP:
      great-grandfather, Ephraim Augustine Herman
      (1683-1734/35).

      CHILDREN.
      SONS: Edward;
      George Washington; and
      Charles Herman.

      DAUGHTERS:
      Maria (Mary);
      Harriet;
      Ann, who married Edward Oldham; and
      possibly Nancy.

      PRIVATE CAREER.

      EDUCATION: literate.

      SOCIAL ACTIVITIES: Esq., by 1792.

      OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: probably planter.

      PUBLIC CAREER.

      LEGISLATIVE SERVICE:
      Lower House, Cecil County, 1789, 1790, 1791-
      1792, 1792.

      OTHER STATE OFFICE: Maryland Senate elector, Cecil County, 1791.

      LOCAL OFFICE: justice, Cecil County, 1794-at least 1796.

      MILITARY SERVICE:
      1st lieutenant of a company of militia, Gunpowder Battalion, Baltimore County Militia, commissioned May 25, 1776;

      1st lieutenant, Flying Camp, July-December, 1776;

      1st lieutenant, 4th Regiment, Maryland Line, December
      1776;

      captain, 4th Regiment, Maryland Line, May 1777;

      transferred to 5th Regiment, Maryland Line, January 1781;

      transferred to 1st Regiment, Maryland Line, January 1783;

      served with the Maryland Battalion, April-November 1783;

      brevet major. Maryland Battalion, September 1783.

      WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.

      PERSONAL PROPERTY:
      assessed value in Baltimore County, 32,0.0, 1783; 21 slaves,1790.

      LAND AT FIRST ELECTION:
      at least 117 acres in Baltimore County; probably controlled an additional 1,728 acres of the total 3,456 acres of Bohemia Manor inherited by his wife and her
      brother from their father (Mary's brother's land
      was put in trust after he was declared an idiot).

      SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: acquired more than 4,071 acres in Cecil County, 1792-1796.

      WEALTH AT DEATH.

      DIED: on November 4, 1798, in Cecil County.

      PERSONAL PROPERTY:
      TEV, 4,929.10.5 (including 35 slaves and 76 oz. plate); FB, estate overpaid 33.19.8.

      Indebted at death with
      Richard Bassett, Esq., of Delaware to
      Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737-1832) for 9,897.10.0.

      LAND:
      probably more than 4,000 acres in Cecil County, as well as probable control of his wife's inheritance of ca. 1,700 acres.

      **********

      Laws of Maryland 1785-1791
      Volume 204, Page 380

      Passed December
      25. CHAP. XVI.
      An ACT to enable certain commissioners to make a partition of a tract or parcel of land called Bohemia Manor, lying in part within Ccil county, of this state, and part in Newcastle county, in the state of Delaware, and for other purposes therein mentioned.

      Preamble. WHEREAS Charles Carroll, Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, by their petition to this general assembly, have set forth, that a certain Joseph Ensor, an idiot, of whose person the said Edward Oldham and Mary his wife are appointed, by an act of assembly of this state, guardians and trustees to take the possession, direction, management, and disposition of his estate, is possessed of part of a tract of land called Bohemia Manor, lying and
      being part in Ccil county, in this state, and part thereof in Newcastle county, in the state of Delaware, which was heretofore mortgaged by Joseph Ensor, now deceased, the father of the said idiot, unto the said Charles Carroll, and that the equity of redemption in and to such part of the said tract or parcel of land as lieth in this state, to which the said Joseph Ensor, deceased, had title, by his death hath descended to the said idiot, his son and heir at law, who is also seized and possessed of such part of one other undivided fourth part of the
      said tract of land, which lieth in this state, that hath descended to him as heir at law of a certain Anne Bouchel, deceased, but that as part of the said tract of land lieth in Newcastle county, in the state of Delaware, as to such part thereof the said idiot, by the laws of that state, is entitled to one undivided moiety of the respective parts descended from his said father and the said Anne Bouchel, in common with the said Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, who are seized of the other moiety of the same in right of the said Mary, who is sister of the said idiot, and daughter of the said Joseph Ensor, deceased: And whereas the said Charles Carroll, Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, by their petition aforesaid, have further set forth, that a certain Peter Lawson is possessed of one undivided moiety of the said tract of land, and that the said Charles
      Carroll had filed a bill in the high court of chancery of this state, which now remains undetermined, against the said Peter Lawson, Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, trustees aforesaid, to compel them to make partition of the said land, and to compel the said Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, trustees aforesaid, to sell all the right, title and interest, of the said Jacob Ensor, deceased,
      in and to the said tract or parcel of land thus mortgaged as aforesaid, to pay and satisfy the principal sum of money and interest due on the said mortgage, which,
      by reason of the said land being held in common and undivided, would not produce a sum of money nearly sufficient for that purpose, but that the said Charles
      Carroll was willing and offered to accept one fourth part of the said land thus held in common, if he could procure a title to hold it in severalty, and be thereby enabled to dispose of it on credit to the best advantage, in lieu of and in full discharge of all right, title and claim, to the residue of the said tract of land, which he had, or might have, in virtue of the mortgage aforesaid; but
      inasmuch as the process of the courts of this state do not extend to compel a legal partition of the said tract of land thus held in common, (a considerable part thereof lying in the state of Delaware) and there being no person vested with power to consent on the part and behalf of the said idiot to the proposition aforesaid, made by the said Charles Carroll, which the petitioners allege would
      be to the advantage of all persons interested to accept, and that it is the wish and desire of all persons holding the said tract or parcel of land in common as aforesaid, that a law should pass to enable them to make a legal partition of the same, to hold in severalty their respective parts thereof, and to vest in the said Charles Carroll, and his heirs, an indefeasable estate of inheritance in fee-simple, in severalty, in one fourth part of the said tract of land thus held in common, in lieu of and in full satisfaction and discharge of all right and title that he has, or may have or claim, in virtue of the said mortgage herein before mentioned; therefore,

      1789.
      CHAP.
      XVI.

      II. Be it enacted, by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the chancellor of this state for the time being, shall be and he is hereby invested with full jurisdiction and authority to issue his commission in the cause aforesaid, now depefcery, to two persons residing in this state, who, in conjunction with two other persons residing in the state of Delaware, when a similar law shall pass the legislature of that state duly authorising and appointing two such persons for that purpose, shall be and are hereby declared
      commissioners to make partition of all that tract or parcel of land called Bohemia Manor,. lying and being in Ccil county, in this state, and in Newcastle county, in the state of Delaware, now in the possession and occupation of Peter Lawson, Joseph Ensor, Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, who hold the same in common and undivided. Chancellor to issue his commission, &c.

      III. And be it enacted, That the said four commissioners so to be appointed as aforesaid, or any three of them, shall have full power and authority to survey, or cause to be surveyed, the said tract or parcel of land, and every part therenhid Peter Lawson, Joseph Ensor, Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, or their tenants, or other person or persons claiming under them, or either of them, and to make partition of the same in four parts, equal in value to each other; and the said commissioners, or any three of them, are hereby required and directed, after having made partition of the said land as aforesaid, if the said Charles Carroll, Peter Lawson, Edward Oldham and Mary
      his wife, cannot otherwise agree upon an allotment of the said parts, to designate the several shares or portions of the said Charles Carroll, Peter Lawson, Joseph Ensor, Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, by casting of lots, and to
      assign two fourth parts thereof so allotted to the said Peter Lawson, to be held by him in severalty, one other fourth part thereof to allot and assign in manner
      aforesaid to the said Charles Carroll, to be held by him in severalty, and the residue of the said land, so divided, to allot and assign to the said Joseph Ensor,
      Edward Oldham and Mary his wife, in the following proportions, to wit:

      As to such part thereof as lieth in this state, to be held by the said Joseph Ensor in severalty, and as to such part thereof as lieth in the state of Delaware, one moiety to be held by the said Joseph Ensor in severalty, and the other moiety to be held by the said Mary and Edward Oldham in right of the said Mary in severalty.

      Commissioners
      to survey a tract of land,&c.

      F

      IV. And be it enacted, That the said commissioners, or any three of them, shall and they are hereby required to return to the said court of chancery the said commission when executed, with a plot and certificate, signed by them, or any threfe said land, and the partition and several allotments made thereof, and thereupon, if there shall be no just cause shewn to the contrary by either of the said to the suit aforesaid, to the satisfaction of the chancellor of this state for the time being, the said chancellor may confirm the said proceedings of the said commissioners, and decree such partition to remain firm and established between the said parties; and the said Charles Carroll, his heirs and
      assigns, shall thenceforth hold and possess the said part allotted and assigned to him of the tract or parcel of land aforesaid, in fee-simple, in severalty, and in
      full satisfaction and discharge of all right, title, interest and claim, in law and equity, that he the said Charles Carroll hath or may have in or to the said tract
      or parcel of land called Bohemia Manor, under or in virtue of any deed or conveyance from the said Joseph Ensor, deceased.

      In case of death, chancellor to appoint, &c.

      V. And be it enacted, That in case of the death of either or both of the said commissioners so to be appointed by the chancellor of this state, before the said
      partition is completed, or their or either of their refusing to act, that the chancellor shall be and he is hereby empowered to nominate and appoint another
      commissioner or commissioners to act in the place and stead of such person or persons so dying or refusing to act as aforesaid, who shall have the same power and authority, in all respects, as the person or persons so dying or refusing to act as commissioner would have had if he or they had proceeded to make and complete the said partition agreeably to the true intent and meaning hereof.
      Proviso.

      VI. Provided always, That in case any creditor or creditors of the said Joseph Ensor, deceased, shall pay and satisfy to the said Charles Carroll, his heirs,
      executors, administrators or assigns, the principal sum of money and interest due on the said mortgage, within twelve months after the date of the said decree, that such creditor or creditors shall be entitled to an assignment of the said mortgage from the said Charles Carroll, his heirs or assigns, and all his right and title under and in virtue thereof and of this act, and agreeably thereto, to the said tract or parcel of land called Bohemia Manor.
      Proviso.

      VII. Provided always, That nothing herein contained shall be taken or deemed to extend to have any operation or effect, in law or equity, on the right, title or claim, in any manner, of any person or persons whatsoever, other than
      the said Charles Carroll, to the said tract or parcel of land called Bohemia Manor, or to any part thereof.

      Proviso.

      VIII. And provided always, That this act shall not take effect until the consent of the said Peter Lawson be first had in writing, and filed in the chancery court.




      **********

      William Kilty et. al., (eds).The Laws of Maryland from the End of the Year 1799,...
      Volume 192, Page 2875

      APPENDIX.

      A deed to be executed to E. Oldham on his discharging his bond.

      NOVEMBER SESSION, 1789.

      No. 1.

      RESOLVED, That on Edward Oldham's discharging the principal and interest of the bond in which he became bound to the state for the sum of seven hundred and ten pounds and nine shillings current money, as security for Thomas Yates, on a puredf part of the confiscated property of the Principio Company, a deed shall be executed to the said Oldham for the land
      purchased by the said Yates as aforesaid.




      **********

      http://aomol.net/000001/000204/html/am204--444.html

      Laws of Maryland 1785-1791
      Volume 204, Page 444

      RESOLVED, That on Edward Oldham's discharging the principal and interest of the bond in which he became bound to the state for the sum of seven hundred and ten pounds and nine shillings current money, as security for Thomas Yates, on a purchase made by the said Yates of part of the confiscated property of the Principio Company, a deed shall be executed to the said Oldham for the land purchased by said Yates as aforesaid.


      **********

      http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000055/html/am55p--32.html

      Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly, 1757-1758
      Volume 55, Preface 32

      POLITICAL PARTIES


      The members of the Upper House, all of whom were also members of the Governor's Council and owed their appointment to the Proprietary, naturally voted as the Governor, who represented the Proprietary interest, directed. The Lower House was elected by the people, although the voters, limited to freeholders and men of some property, were in most of the counties of the popular
      or anti-Proprietary party. The strongholds of the Proprietary party were St. Mary's County on the Western Shore, and Somerset and Worcester countieson the lower Eastern Shore. In addition to these, there was a strong Proprietary influence in Calvert and Queen Anne's counties, and certain members from these counties often voted as the Governor wished. The election of a new
      Assembly in September 1757, had further strengthened the representatives of the county or popular party, and the same group of leaders in the Lower House continued to control its policies. Out of a total membership of fifty-
      eight in the Lower House, some forty men could be counted upon to vote against nearly all Proprietary measures, while a small group of not more than nine or ten consistently voted for the measures favored by the Governor
      and the Upper House. In addition to these two partisan groups, there were some ten men, who, either on account of their independent views or for political expediency, while usually voting with the popular party, not infrequently supported Proprietary measures. The leaders of the county party were Col. Edward Tilghman of Queen Anne's County, who served in thatbody with short interruptions from 1746 until 1771, and was speaker in 1770 and 1771, and his brother, Matthew Tilghman of Talbot. The latter was a
      justice of that county from 1741 until 1775, a member of the Lower Housefrom 1751 until 1774, and its speaker in 1772 and 1773. He took a very active part in public affairs during the Revolutionary period as a member of the Continental Congress and as a state senator. Other influential popular leaders were Robert Lloyd of Queen Anne's County; Charles Carroll, the Barrister, of
      Annapolis, and later of " Mount Clare ", Baltimore County, one of the delegates from Anne Arundel County, a Protestant and a distant relative of Charles Carroll of Carrollton; William Murdock of Prince George's County;
      Philip Hammond of Anne Arundel; and John Hammond Dorsey of Baltimore County, and Edward Dorsey of Frederick.


      The leaders of the Proprietary party in the Lower House were Walter Dulany of Annapolis, son of Daniel Dulany the Elder, and a brother of Daniel Dulany the Younger, the recent leader of the Proprietary party in the Lower
      House, who in 1757 had been appointed a member of the Governor's Council and as such now sat in the Upper House. Other active members of this faction were George Plater, Henry Greenfield Sothoron, and Edmund Key of St. Mary's; Dr. George Steuart and Henry Woodward of Annapolis;
      Levin Gale, Samuel Wilson and Henry Waggaman of Somerset; and John Handy and Benton Harris of Worcester. Sometimes voting with this Proprietary group although more frequently with the popular party, were Benjamin Mackall of Calvert; John Goldsborough, Pollard Edmondson, and Edward Oldham of Talbot; John Bracco of Queen Anne's; Thomas Gantt and Francis King of Prince George's; Joseph Chapline and Thomas Beatty of Frederick; and Cockey Deye of Baltimore County.



      **********

      http://aomol.net/000001/000048/html/am48--85.html

      Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1781-1784
      Volume 48, Page 85

      February 23
      Liber C. B.
      No. 24
      p. 228

      That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Edward Oldham of the 5th Regimt thirty pounds of the same Emission agreeable to a Resolution of this Board of the 22d July last ? Lieut Roger Nelson of the 5 Regiment sixty pounds of the same Emission, in lieu of two suits of Cloaths & eight shirts for the last and present Years and also to Thomas Jones Esquire two hundred pounds of the same Emission in part of Salaries due on Account.

      That the said Treasurer pay to Edward Thompson, five pounds, ten shillings, and to Joseph Ford two hundred and eighty four pounds, seventeen shillings and five pence of the same Emission due them per Accounts passed.

      ?
      That the said Treasurer pay to Joseph Dowson one hundred and sixty six pounds, fourteen shillings of the same Emission to be delivered over as follows, ninety seven pounds, one shilling and eight pence to Capt John Mills for the use of himself & Company of Militia, fifty three pounds, one shilling and ten pence to William Spink
      for himself & Compy, one pound, five shillings and six pence to John Mackall and fifteen pounds, five shillings to Henry Medley per Accounts passed. ?



      **********

      http://aomol.net/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000018/html/am18--51.html

      Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution

      Volume 18, Page 51

      Capt. Henry Hardman's Return, made July 19th, 1776. Passed by Henry Shryock, July 19th, 1776.

      52 Records of Maryland Troops in the Continental Service

      BALTIMORE COUNTY.

      Capt. Zachariah Maccubbin
      1 Lt. Thomas Lansdale
      1 Lt. Thomas Yates, promoted 2 Lt.
      Ensign Robert Morrow
      William Riley to a Captaincy and John Christie appointed 1 Lt. by the Council of Safety, Capt. James Young
      August 5th, 1776
      1 Lt. James Bond
      2 Lt. John Christie, promoted 1 2 Lt. John Smith
      Lt. and Thomas Lingan appointed 2 Ensign James Toole
      Lt. by the Council of Safety. Capt. John Stevenson, resigned and Ensign Thomas Lingan, promoted Thomas Yates appointed Capt.
      2 Lt. and William Wilmot appointed 1 Lt. Edward Oldharn
      Ensign by the Council of Safety. 2 Lt. James Ogleby
      Capt. John E. Howard Ensign Joseph Lewis *


      during the War of the American Revolution, 1775-83. 149

      MUSTERS OF MARYLAND TROOPS, VOL. I.

      TIME OF SERVICE.
      NAMES. RANK. Enlisted. Discharged. REMARKS.


      FOURTH REGIMENT.-Beginning December, 77.

      Oneil, Hugh 1 pt 1 dec 76 15 Nov 78 deserted
      Owings, James do do 1 dec 79 discharged
      O'Conner, Dennis 2 Sergt Aug 78 left out
      O'Keiff, Constantine pt June 78 mustered not
      heard of
      Oram, John 3 do 13 April 80 discharged
      Onnell, Christopr. do 12 Jan 80 do
      Oldham, Edward Lieut 10 dec 76 Capt. 20 May 77
      O'Donnally, Thos., pt 31 Jan 78 deserted
      (or Timy.)4
      O'Quinn, Danl. 5 do 2 April 77 1 Nov 80 present
      O'Hara, George 6 do 6 May 78 1 April 79 deserted
      Riely's, late Bowie's
      Oram, Saml.7 Drum 7 April 78 1 Nov 80 present

      5TH REGIMENT.

      Lt. Col. 15 Lieut. Archd.McAllister 27 May '78
      Commd. Benj. Ford 20 do Gassaway Wat-
      Major Archd. Anderson kins 14 Sept do
      do John Davidson 1 Jan '81 25 do Jacob Norris 26 Nov do
      5 Capt. Wm. Dent Beall 1 Jan'77 30 do John Lynn 1 June '79
      10 do John Smith, (3rd) do do 35 do Saml. Hanson 1 Aug do
      15 do Edward Oldham 20 May do 40 do Thomas Rowse
      20 do Horatio Clagett 10 Oct do 45 do Robert Denny 3 Jan '80
      25 do John Gale 10 Dec do 50 do Benj. Fickle 19 Feb do
      30 do Perry Benson 11 Mch '78 55 do Roger Nelson 15 July do
      35 do James Somervill 1 June '79 60 do Thomas Boyd 1 Jan '81
      40 do William Bruce 1 Aug do 65 do John Sears do do
      45 do Edward Edgerly 10 Sept '80 5 Ensign Henry Clements 26 Jan '80
      5 Capt.Lt. Thos. B. Hugou 1 May '80 10 do Adam Jamison 1 June do
      10 Lieut. James Bruff 7 Oct '77


      5TH REGIMENT.

      3 Lt.Col.Comd. Benj. Ford
      6 Major John Davidson 1 Jan '81
      8 do Benj. Brookes 16 Mch do vice Anderson, killed
      3 Capt. Wm. Dent Beall 1 Jan '77
      8 do John Smith, (3rd) do do
      12 do Edwd. Oldham 20 May do
      17 do Horatio Clagett 10 Oct do
      22 do John Cale 10 Dec do

      476 Records of Maryland Troops in the Continental Service

      MUSTER AND PAY ROLLS FOR 1783.

      Arrangement of the Maryland Line, January 1st, 1783.

      NAMES WHEN NAMES WHEN
      COMMISSIONED. COMMISSIONED.

      FIRST REGIMENT.

      Col. John Gunby 17 April '77 Lieut. Nicholas Gassaway 1 Jan '80
      Lt. Col. Levin Winder 3 June '81 Phillip Hill 9 May '78
      Major John Eccleston 10 Dec '77 Hezekiah Ford 16 Aug '80
      Capt. Joseph Marbury 1 Jan '77 Arthur Harris 26 Oct '79
      Jacob Brice do William Pendergast 29 do do
      John Smith,(late 6th) do William Raisin 26 Jan '80
      Henry Gaither 17 April do Nathan Wright 1 Jan '81
      Edward Oldham 20 May do John Sears 1 do do
      Walker Muse 10 June do John F. Lowe 20 Jan '81
      John C. Jones 20 Sept do Samuel Edminston 14 Mch do
      Horatio Claggett 10 Oct do Robert Halkerston 12 April do
      Richard Anderson 15 Nov do Henry Clements 25 do do
      Lieut. John Lynn 1 June '79 Henry Gassaway 25 do do
      Wm. Adams 8 do do Francis Ware Aug
      Regnal Hillery, died Basil Burgess 18 June '81
      11 Aug '83 13 July do Surg'on Richard Pendell
      Samuel Hanson 1 Aug do Mate Alexander Smith

      during the War of the American Revolution, 1775 83. 481
      FIFTH REGIMENT.

      John E. Howard Lt.Col.Com. 3 June 1781 Col. Foard's death.
      John Davidson Major 1 Jan do retire
      Benj. Brookes do 16 March do continue
      John Smith, 3d Captain 1 Jan '77 do
      Edward Oldham do 20 May do do
      Horatio Clagget do 10 Oct do do
      John Gale do 10 Dec do do
      Perry Benson do 11 March '78 do
      James Sumervill do 1 June '79 retire
      Wm. Bruce do 1 Aug do continue
      Wm. Lamar do 8 Sept '81 Capt. Edgerly's death
      James Ewing do 6 Nov do Capt. Beall's promotion
      John Lynn Lieut. 1 June '79
      Samuel Hanson do 1 Aug do continue
      Thomas Rowse do 15 Sept do
      Robt. Denny do 3 Jan '80 retire
      Benj. Fickle do 19 Feb do

      during the War of the American Revolution, 1775-83. 521
      SERVED SERVED SERVED SERVED
      BETWEEN BETWEEN BETWEEN BETWEEN
      RANK. NAMES. 1 AUG 1780 1 JAN 1782 1 JAN 15 NOV 1783
      AND AND AND AND
      1 JAN 1782. 1 JAN 1783. 15 NOV 1733. 10 JULY 1784.

      Capt. Henry Lyles "
      " Thos. H. Luckett "
      Lieut. David Luckett " "
      Maj. John Lynch "
      Lieut. Willm. Lemar " "
      Capt. David Lynn " " "
      Maj. Thos. Lansdale " " "
      Capt. James M. Lingan " "
      " Walker Muse " " "
      " Thos. Mason " "
      Lieut. John Maguire
      " David Morgan
      Capt. Christian Myers
      Lieut. Zedk. Moore " " "
      " Nicholas Mangers "
      " Lawrence Myers
      Mark McPherson " " "
      Capt. Jonathan Morris " "
      " John Mitchell " " "
      " Saml. McPherson " " "
      " Jacob Norris " "
      Ensign John Nelson "
      Capt. Edward Oldham " " "
      Christn. Orendorff "
      Benj. Price " " "
      Col. Thomas Price " " "
      Lieut. Thomas Price " " "
      Surg. Richard Pindell " " "
      Lieut. Willm. Pendergast "
      Capt. Edward Prall " "
      Ensign Jacob Reybold
      Lieut. Willm. Rasin " " "
      Capt. Willm. Reiley " " "
      Lieut. Joshua Rutledge
      Capt. Christr. Richmond " " "
      Lieut. Thomas Rown " " "
      Capt. Francis Revelly " " "
      " Phillip Reed " "
      Lt. Col.Nathl. Ramsey
      Lieut. Jas. Jno. Skinner " "
      Edwd. M. Smith " "
      Capt. John Smith " "
      James Somervill " "
      Jonathan Sellman " "



      http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/stagser/s1400/s1432/html/s1432cc.html

      Maryland State Archives
      Maryland Indexes
      (Chancery Papers, Index)
      1819
      MSA S 1432


      CHANCERY COURT (Chancery Papers)
      1819/10/06
      1289: Charles Carroll of Carrollton vs. Mary
      Oldham, Edward Oldham, Ann Oldham, Edward Oldham,
      George W. Oldham, Charles Oldham, and Harriett
      Oldham. CE. Mortgage foreclosure on Bohemia Manor.
      Recorded (Chancery Record) 122, p. 13.
      Accession No: 17,898-1289-1/2. MSA S512-1347 1/36/1/

      Pyle's Hackinig Match

      25 Feb 1781

      After Nathanael Greene's Retreat to the Dan, Loyalist David Fanning rode through the Haw and Deep River areas to tell the Loyalists of the enticements for any who would fight for the Royal North Carolina Regiment. Four hundred Loyalists under the leadership of Doctor John Pyle were able to be raised in that area. Colonel Pyle had been a Regulator who swore an oath of allegiance to King George after the Battle of Alamance. He became a Loyalist as a matter of conscience. After the war started Governor Josiah Martin commissioned him as a colonel in the royal militia. He raised 300 men and led them against the Patriot's at Moore's Creek Bridge. He was captured and sent to Virginia, because he was deemed dangerous to the Patriot cause. He was able to escape and Pyle returned to Chatam County, where he took an oath of loyalty to North Carolina.

      When Cornwallis entered North Carolina, Pyle requested protection for the recruits. Cornwallis notified Pyle that he would meet them at John Butler's plantation, a few miles from Hillsborough. This was the same area where Pickens was i. With Pickens was "Light Horse" Harry Lee's detacment of cavalry and some Carolina militiamen.

      In a lucky break for Lee, Lieutenant Edward Manning of Lee's Legion, had overslept while the rest of the Legion had left the camp. Manning was alone, with the exception of Stephen Craig, Captain Patrick Carne's attendant, who was carryin. Manning and Green mounted their horses and pursued the Legion. Unfortunately it had rained throughout the night and the tracks of Lee's cavalry were obliterated. Manning took the wrong turn in a road and wound up in a house full of Loyalist militia. He rode up and asked a Loyalist rifleman if he had seen a regiment of horse and a body of infantry. The rifleman said, "I suppose you're one of Greene's men." Manning didn't lose his composure. He pointed to the portmanteau and told the Tory, "I have there what will ruin Greene. Point out the road to Cornwallis' army, for all depends upon early intelligence and its contents!"

      The Loyalist rifleman told Manning that he had deserted the rebels at the right time, because in the morning the whole settlement would be joining Colonel Pyle. Manning joined the Loyalists in a drink, and toasted to the confusion of Greens of the King and his friends. He then road off to the cheers of the Loyalists. Manning finally found Lee and told him of the Loyalist rendezvous.

      Lee rode to the Tory rendezvous, where he was halted by two armed men, who mistook them for Tarleton's Legion. Lee's Legion wore green jackets just like Tarleton's Legion. Lee continued the charade, hoping to pass through the enemy withoed through the column of 400 Loyalists armed with rifles. The Loyalists stared at what they thought was the legendary Tarleton. Behind Lee's cavalry were Captain Graham's dragoons. General Pickens and his men had been told to move to the left flank of the column, out of sight.

      Lee's men rode to the Loyalist's left, with their swords drawn and hidden by the sides of their horses. The Loyalists had their arms slung on their shoulders, not suspecting that the enemy was among them. Lee later claimed that he had is true identity to Pyle as soon as they came face to face. In the rear of the column, Graham did not know that they were passing through the Loyalists. He noticed the Loyalists by their cleaner clothes and the strip of red cloth on their hats. The red strip was to identify their loyalty to the King. Graham road up to Captain Eggleston and said to him, "That company are Tories. What is the reason they still have their arms?"

      Eggleston was new to the South and was unfamiliar with the Whig or Tory badges. He also noticed the red strips of cloth and asked one of the Loyalists, "Who do you belong to?" When the man answered, "A friend to his Majesty," Egglestonneth his saber. Eggleston's men quickly joined him in the attack. The Loyalists, believing the attack to be a mistake, continued insisting they were on King George's side, to no avail. With no cessation in hostilities, the Loyalists began firing back. Lee and Graham's horsemen instantly turned and began hacking away with their swords. Graham's men had swords made by local blacksmiths, and many of them were bent or broken while hacking away at the Loyalists. In the space of a few minutes, ninety-nine Loyalists were killed, and the rest fled in all directions.

      One small group of Loyalists were determined to sell their lives dearly, and began firing in every direction. When they'd emptied their rifles, they threw them down and ran. The only casualy among Lee's forces was one of the horses beings and Lee tried to rally their men, but the confusion was too great. Pickens knew that if Tareleton appeared right then they would be slaughtered. Lee ordered Major Rudolph to lead off, and have his dragoons fall in behind. Soon order returned to the ranks and Picken's column resumed the march in the direction they had gone before. Lee took one of the wounded Loyalists with him, to guide him through the area.

      According to local legend, John Pyle was badly wounded in the battle, and crawled into a nearby pond where he concealed himself until he could be rescued. After recovering from his wounds, he surrendered to the local militia. Later they wersesult of Pyle's care for wounded patriots

      Soon after the slaughter, Captain Edward Oldham arrived on the site of the massacre with a band of Catawba Indians. The Indians thrust their spears in the bodies of seven or eight wounded Loyalists, killing them as they lay on the ground.xoners were hacked to death by Lee's men with broadswords, in retaliation for the supposed massacre of Buford's men. Later that night Colonel Preston and 300 men from the backwoods of Virginia joined Pickens.

      Tarlleton's force learned of the massacre, and took up the pursuit of Pickens. When Cornwallis learned of the force arrayed against Tarleton he ordered him back. Buford's massacre had inflamed Patriot passions, but Pyle's massacre devast. There was little hope of Loyalists flocking to Cornwallis' standard now.

      From "Nothing but Blood and Slaugher,
      The Revolutionary War in the Carolinas,
      Volume Three, 1781"
      by Patrick O'Kelley

      SAR Application of Charles H. Oldham

      Below is exact copy received from the Adjutant General's Office, War Department, Washington D.C. Old Records Department.

      WAR DEPARTMENT
      The Adjutant General's Office
      Washington

      January 24th. 1927.

      Mr. Chas. Herman Oldham
      8-Union Arcade Bldg.
      Uniontown,Pa.

      Dear Sir:

      This is in reference to your personal request of March 22, 1927, to be furnished a record of the services of Colonel Edward Oldham in the Revolutionary War.

      The records show that one Edward Oldham served as a Ist., Lieutenant, and Capatin(sic) in the 4th, Maryland Regiment, Refolutionary War. He is shown to have been commioned(sic) Ist Lieutenant on December 10th, 1776, and to have been promoted to Captain May 20th. 1777. His name last appears on a listattached(sic) to a letter of instructions to officers on recruiting duty which is dated at Annapolis, February 19th, 1782, which shows him on duty as a Recruiting Officer in the Middle District of Western Shor, Baltimore, Harford, U pper part of Anne Arundel, and Prince Georges Counties. His name also appears as captain of the 5th,Maryland Regiment on a list showing the arrangement of the Maryland Line, which list shows he was commissioned May 20,1777.

      Heitman's Register of Officers of the Continental Army,an unofficial publication entitled to credit, shows that Edward Oldham served as Ist.Lieutenant Maryland Battalion of the F lying Camp from JUly(sic) to December,1776,as Ist.Lieutenant, 4th Maryland from December 10,1776,as Captain from May 20th,1777, that he was transferred to the 5th, Maryland January Ist,1781,to the Ist.Maryland January Ist.1783,was retained in the Maryland Battalion,April 1783, and served to November 3rd, 1783, and that he was appointed Brevet Major September 30th,1783.

      Very truly yours,
      (signed) Robert G. Davis
      Major General
      The Adjutant General

      The Records also show he contributed $500.00 to the establishment of the Society of Cincinnati, and his original certificate signed by General Geo.Washington, and John Knox, is in the possession of my father, James Dundas Oldham, of Philadelphia,Pa, as it always decends to eldest son, and I am next in line.

      I also attach my family tree showing my direct decent from Colonel Edward Oldham, of the Revolutionary Army. (In file case.)
    Person ID I23107  oldham
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2015 

    Mother OLDHAM, Cecil County,   b. Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F9279  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family ENSOR, Mary,   b. Abt 1765, Cecil County, Maryland USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1819, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 54 years) 
    Married 21 Nov 1784  Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. OLDHAM, Edward,   b. Abt 1760, Franklin Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1792, Franklin Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 32 years)
     2. OLDHAM, Maria,   b. 21 Dec 1785, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1843, Christiana Bridge, New Castle County, Delaware, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years)
     3. OLDHAM, Elizabeth,   b. 5 Jan 1787, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Sep 1787, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     4. OLDHAM, Ann,   b. 3 Oct 1788, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Dec 1856, Cecil County, Maryland USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     5. OLDHAM, Edward,   b. 23 Oct 1789, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Feb 1849, Christiana Bridge, New Castle County, Delaware, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
     6. OLDHAM, George Washington,   b. 20 Mar 1792, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jul 1865, Cecil County, Maryland USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     7. OLDHAM, Charles Herman or Harmon,   b. 26 Nov 1793, Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1851  (Age 57 years)
     8. OLDHAM, Harriett,   b. 25 Oct 1795,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 29 Nov 2013 
    Family ID F9278  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 8 Dec 1756 - Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 1775 - Camden, Fairfield County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 1775 - Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 1777-1778 - Valley Forge, Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 21 Nov 1784 - Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsHonors - 2 Nov-25 Dec 1789 - Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Federal - 1790 - Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 4 Nov 1798 - Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand - 1819 - Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Bohemia Manor

    Documents
    Oldham, Colonel Edward<br>  1756-1798
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    1756-1798

    Political Service
    Oldham, Edward
    Oldham, Edward
    1757 Delegates
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Oldham, Colonel Edward
    Advertisement running for Sheriff of Baltimore County, Maryland

    1785
    Daughters of the Revolutionary War<br>
Grave Marker
    Daughters of the Revolutionary War
    Grave Marker

    Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA
    Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland, USA

  • Sources 
    1. [S1994] Ancient Families of Bohemia Manor:, C. P. Mallery, (Delaware: The Historical Society of Delaware, 1888.), 23. (Reliability: 3).