Oldham Family History

LONGLEY, William Campbell

LONGLEY, William Campbell

Male 1761 - 1841  (80 years)

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  • Name LONGLEY, William Campbell 
    Born 1 Sep 1761  New Jersey Colonies Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Military Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Longley, William C.
    Longley, William C.
    Revolutionary War Pension
    Died 7 Nov 1841  Cookson Creek, Polk County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • One man has made the remark, "You don't count Longleys in America by years, but by centuries."

      . . . descendants came to Loudoun County, to Shenandoah County, to Rockingham County, to Washington County, to Sevier County, Tenn.; McMinn County, Tenn., Polk County, Tenn., and Texas.

      When William, Joseph, and Joel went to the southwest, they left Joseph (our great-grandfather), Rebecca, Charles, and Edward in Rockingham County where they were all married. Edward and Rebecca I cannot find after Joseph's marriage, but Charles died in Elmyra, New York Yankee Prison camp from dysentery. He was captured by Grant just outside of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

      The records on our great-grandfather (Joseph) are very scant. He had two wives but we descended from the second wife, Harriett, who was blind for 40 years and died in 1916.

      Grandmother Mary Elizabeth Earman Longley was a very heavy lady and suffered a stroke, rendering her unable to walk for several years before her death in 1922. Tracie took care of great-grandmother Harriet and grandmother Mary for several years, because Nellie was married and gone from home.

      Grandad Marcenia (called M.D. or "Cenia") owned the farm Willie bought from him (the Bontz place) and the Gentry place where he died. He was a tenant farmer on the 300-400 acre Kyger Farm at Three Springs, where Herman was born, and farmed the 460 acre Southall Farm near Elkton for over 20 years. He must have needed more land to keep four boys busy. He was a great horse breeder and an amateur veterinarian, a very small (150-160 lbs) wiry, tough, hard working man.

      Ernest and Willie were settled boys. Willie farmed all his life, but Ernest went to Brunswick, Maryland, where he was a target foreman on the B&Q Railroad. He died at the age of 43 from sugar diabetes. Herman and Ursher took several hobo trips on the trains, built an airplane (it flew about 1000 feet and crashed when a wing broke off), put pistol bullets in the school house stove and blew it up, and set the school house on fire to see a fat boy carry water, but I guess you could call them "good old boys."
      Herman V. Longley, Jr.


      William Longley was born 1761-1764 in the New Jersey Colonies. He served in the American Revolutionary War under General Lafayette in Yorktown and served as a prison guard. In Oct 1780 Loudoun Co., VA, William enlisted in VA Troops, Revolutionary war; served as a Pvt. in Capt. Humphrey's Co. under Maj. Armstead, Cols. Kiswonger, George Eskridge, and Summers. Was in Battle of Burrel's Ferry, was among 700 troops who marched from Loudoun Co. to the Battle of Williamsburg, was in the siege of Yorktown, and was one of the soldiers who formed the hollow square in which Lord Cornwallis's sword was surrendered to Gen. Washington's aide at Yorktown. (SEE REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATION.) He was discharged in Maryland, Feb 1782. He was in Sevier County, Tennessee in 1800 and in the 1840 Polk County, Tennessee census.


      LAND TO BE SOLD FOR INTEREST ~ The following was listed in the KNOXVILLE REGISTER, 3 Jul 1821, under the heading "Sale for interest. In pursuance of a law passed 19 Oct 1819, I will expose to sale on 7 Aug next, the following tracts of land . . ." To be sold at the court house in Newport to satisfy the interest due thereon were the following tracts in Cocke Co.:
      A Tract of land granted to the heirs of Joseph Rutherford containing 456 3/4 acres situate in Cocke county and district south of French Broad and Holston.

      A Tract of Land granted to George Adams containing 128 acres situate in Cocke county and district south of French Broad and Holston.

      In Sevier Co., By virtue of the same law, the tracts listed below were to be offered for sale on 8 Aug and the following day if necessary, at the court house in Sevierville, listed as "situate in Sevier County and district south of French Broad and Holston."

      Tract of land granted to # acres
      Joshua Atchley 117
      Samuel Aikin 35
      James Anderson (assignee of Martin Shults) 11 1/4 . . .
      The lengthy list included:
      Andrew Kanatzer (assignee of Nicholas Kanatzer) 122
      William Longly 166 3/4, and in-laws of some of his children:
      Stephen Oldham 43 3/4
      Moses Oldham 106
      Joseph Pearson 170 1/2
      Benjamin Pearson 52

      Posted by: Doris Johnston
      Date: February 04, 2001 at 12:22:15
      In Reply to: William Longley VA>OH>IN by Ky Longley

      I can suggest some possibilities. My Longley family went to Loudoun Co., VA ca 1764 from Hunterdon Co., NJ, Joseph Longley (Jr.) had sons William and Joseph (Jr./III). William was born 1761 according to his Revolutionary pension application; he left Loudoun Co. in late 1700s and went down the Shenandoah Valley, living in three counties as they made their way to Sevier Co., TN in 1800. Also in Loudoun Co. about the time William left were sons of Benjamin Longley, Sr., of Baltimore Co., MD, whose kinship to Joseph and William is suspected but not proven.

      Benjamin's sons George and Peter Longley went to Ross Co., OH with their sister Elizabeth and her husband Charles Watts. Peter married Nancy Richards 1796 in Washington Co., VA and I don't know names of their children, just that two daughters married Yoakums. George was living in OH in 1818 when there was a lawsuit to settle their father's estate in MD. Contact Joanne McFadden at jwmcfadden@msn.com for more on this family.

      Another possibility is the Langley/Longley family living in Frederick Co., VA adjacent to Loudoun Co.; they used many of the same names, and surely they must've been kin to the NJ and Loudoun Co. family. I've studied the co. and census records enough to know there was a William who disappeared from the records; I know no one from this family, but would like to. Can e-mail you more on Frederick Co. on request.

      William C. Longley's ancestry has presented problems for a number of his descendants who have been searching the records for many years. A thorough search of the records of the New England Branch of the family shows that there is only one Longley who could possibly have been his father. This would be William Longley, son of Nathaniel and Lydia (Foster) Longley, born Chelmsford, Massachusetts, Apr 25, 1731. This William is not found in any later Massachusetts records. He would have been thirty years of age in 1761, the year of Wm. C. Longley's birth.



      THAT HE ENTERED THE SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES UNDER THE FOLLOWING NAMED OFFICERS, AND SERVED AS HEREIN STATED. He entered the service as a drafted man, in the militia of the State of Virginia, in the month of October, 1780, as well as he now recollects, in Loudoun County in said State, where he then resided with his father, -- under the seige of Major Armstead -- whose Christian name is not recollected -- Captain Thomas Humphries, lieutenant John Bartlett. There were about 700 troops from said County of whom declarant was one, and he thinks they were called light infantry. There soldiers were marched from Loudoun County to Williamsburg in Virginia where they were stationed in the barracks for several months, and from whence portion of our men were detached to hold the British forces under Arnold, in check. After being stationed here some months -- declarant does not recollect the precise time -- the British forces, landed at Burrell's ferry, at the mouth of James River, where about 200 of our men and declarant one of them, were stationed. We stood our ground and fired upon the enemy untill our cartridges were exhausted, each man of us having fired near 30 rounds, when we were so far outnumbered that we had to retreat. We retreated to Williamsburg, 6 miles from the above named ferry, and on reaching there all our troops marched in and occupied our barracks that night. We had retreated only a mile or two into the woods from whence after night set in we marched back to town and attacked the enemy, drove in their pickets, and fired on them until outnumbered and drove from the field. Next morning we were marched for Richmond, and on the same day the enemy left Williamsburg, crossed James River at Jamestown, and marched up the country. Near the same time that we got to Richmond the enemy arrived at Manchester on the opposite side of the river, and commenced destroying property and burning the large quantity of Tobacco stored there. We were stationed on Chuck's Hill. When the British appeared a part of our men were stationed on the bank of the river to prevent them crossing, and if they had attempted it they would have met with a warm reception as we were very hungry and greatly incensed at them. We had but one field piece, a six pounder, and it was placed on the hill before mentioned, and leveled against the enemy, and its effects told so well amongst them that they were quickly induced to leave off their depredations and quit the place. The enemy left Manchester and pursued their course still further up the country, and after some time turned their course and marched to Yorktown. Declarant and his comrades were stationed at Richmond, as he thinks, about six weeks, when they were marched from thence and joined the army under Gnl. Lafayette at Yorktown on the Glocester side of the river. About this time or shortly after, the siege was formed, as the army under Washington shortly arrived. Declarant was at this time constantly engaged in working on the entrenchments and other works that were going on. During the siege declarant was in several skirmishes with portion of the enemy. On one occasion after night, 500 of the Virginia troops, declarant one of them, with 500 of the French under the command of Lafayette were marched to make a breach through the enemy's works on the Glocester side, another detachment having made an attack on the other side. Declarant recollects getting so near the enemy's works that he put his hand upon them, and looking up saw the tar barrels placed on the breast works to be lighted in the event of an attack. The firing having ceased on the York side, we were -----------, the enemy having discovered us, and opened their guns upon us as they thought but their balls went far above our heads. Declarant was one of the troops forming the hollow square into which the prisoners were marched when Cornwallis surrendered. The prisoners taken on the Glocester side were marched to Winchester in Virginia, declarant being one of their guard. These prisoners were guarded at Winchester three months, as declarant thinks, when they were marched to Fredericks'town in Maryland, where declarant was discharged in February, as well as he recollects, 1782. Declarant cannot recollect the precise time he served; he will set it down at fifteen months, as he is confident he served that long. Declarant was born in the State of New Jersey in the year 1761, as he was informed by his parents -- has no record of his age, nor has he ever seen one as well as he recollects. He resided in Loudoun County a short time after the war, then in Shenandoah, then in Rockbridge; then in Washington all in Virginia, whence he removed to Sevier County Tennessee in 1800, where he resided until he came to the county of McMinn Tennessee, where he now resides. He received a written discharge from the service in Shepherdstown, Va. from Col. Niswonger but it is lost, and he knows not where it is. James D. Sewell, a clergyman; John Grisham, George Long & Jackson Smith, are some of his present neighbors who can testify as to his veracity, and their belief of his services as a soldier of the Revolution. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not on the Pension Roll of the Agency of any state. Sworn to and subscribed the 3d day of June 1833 A. R. Turk, Clerk

      William Longley We James D. Sewell a clergyman residing in the county and state aforesaid, and John Grisham residing as aforesaid, hereby certify that we are well acquainted with William Longley who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration; and we believe him to be 72 years of age; that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.

      Sworn to and subscribed the 3d day of June 1833.

      Personally appeared before me, Andrew R. Stephenson, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for Said County, Joel Longley and makes oath in due form of Law, that he is the Son of William and Mary Longley deceased, late of Polk County, Tennessee, that his Said Father, was a Revolutionary pensioner up to the day of his death. Deposiant further states that he was born on the first day of September (1791) Seventeen hundred and ninety-one. And ever since his first recollection his Said father and mother William and Mary Longley, lived together as husband and wife up to the day of his death -- Deposiant further states that he is the Second Son of the Said William and Mary Longley deceased and that Jonathan Longley is his eldest brother and that his Said parents William and Mary Longley always told deposiant that his Said brother Jonathan was Two years and Two months older than deposiant. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 22nd day of November 1845. Joel Longley S E A L A. P. Stephenson Justice of the peace for Polk County.

      I James Parks Clerk of the County Court of Polk County do certify that A. R. Stephenson Esquire whose signature appears to the foregoing certificate is and was at the time of signing the same an acting Justice of the peace for my county, duly commissioned and qualified according to Law. Given under my hand and Seal of office in Benton this 22 day of November 1845. James Parks, Clk.

      Subject: Your Oldham data on WorldConnect
      Date: Sun, 19 Mar 2000 18:49:52 -0600
      From: "Doris N. Johnston"
      To: joldham@indy.net

      Hello, I saw your Joseph Longley listing (son of Wm. Longley & Mary Ann Bodine) on WorldConnect.

      Joseph was my great-great-great-grandfather; his widow and children came to TX and their youngest daughter Martha Jane Longley was my gr-gr-grandmother. She married Hatch Alford and their daughter Mary Jane Alford married John Marion Green, and they were my great-grandparents.

      Some of us are trying hard to find out the parents of William, and I am sure his father was Joseph Longley, Jr., the only Longley tax payer in Loudoun Co., VA at the right time.

      Please visit my web page http://OurTexasFamily.com You will see data (which is being updated frequently), stories, and old pictures.

      If you have a picture of Sarah and her husband Andrew Jonathan Longley, or any of their children, I would love to have a scanned copy to post on the web page.

      Thanks, Doris Ross Johnston

      From: outahere@juno.com [outahere@juno.com]
      Sent: Mon, September 23, 2002
      Subject: Longleys on your website

      Dave...There is absolutely no evidence that William Longley's parents were as shown. The only Longley in Loudoun Co., VA where he went as a child from NJ and was living with his father when he enlisted in the Revolutionary War, was Joseph Longley (wife's name unknown). Joseph Longley first appeared in Loudoun Co., VA in 1764 and remained there through the 1810 census. Until his sons William and Joseph got old enough to appear on tax lists, he was the only Longley in Loudoun Co., as I discovered in 1980 on my first long research vacation. Joseph was Joseph Longley Jr. in Hunterdon Co. NJ records in 1761 where he and Joseph Sr. were co-defendants in a lawsuit. Joseph Longley Sr. md. Mary Campbell, the dau. of John Campbell a Scottish Covenenter banished to East Jersey and arrived in Monmouth Co., NJ Dec 1685. I belong to Daughters of American Colonists on William, his father, both his parents, and his grandfather John Campbell, whose heirs signed an Indenture in 1732 selling Monmouth Co., NJ property in the estate of John Campbell, late of Philadelphia -- it was signed in Hunterdon Co., NJ by Joseph & wife Mary Longley.

      Not listed in William Longley's Revolutionary Pension record was his son Joseph, who predeceased him and was my ancestor. An 1812 file on him has an affidavit signed by his brother Joel that they served together and he saw his brother die (in one record says 1829, another 1830), and that my gr-gr-grandmother Martha Jane Longley was his only surviving heir and should receive a land warrant for her father's service. She did.

      Thanks, I may have questions but wanted to get this off to you. Unfortunately, the James Longley & Sarah Nicholson as parents of William misinformation was published conjecture about 1970, but that couple md. in Norfolk Co., VA, a family which has no apparent connection to ours whatsoever.

      Doris Johnston

      Some people have used the middle initial "C" or the middle name "Campbell" for William, but this cannot be documented. If some proof of this middle name exists, it would be nice to see.

      Ronny Bodine wrote the following:

      William was born 1 September 1764 in New Jersey and died 7 November 1841 in Polk County. He enlisted in Captain Thomas Humphries' Company of light infantry in October 1779 and was in the battle of Burrell's Ferry, Williamsburg and the Siege of Yorktown. He was discharged in February 1782 and lived in Loudoun County a short time after the war, then in Shenandoah, Rockbridge and Washington Counties, Virginia and in 1800 moved to Sevier County, Tennessee. On 3 June 1833 he applied for a pension in McMinn County, Tennessee which was approved to be effective from 28 September 1833. He appears on the 1835 pension roll of McMinn County, aged 73 years, drawing a pension at the rate of $50 per year. Polk County was formed in 1839 from Bradley and McMinn Counties and the Longleys lived out their lives there. On 27 September 1854, in Catoosa County, Georgia, on behalf of a claim for pension money by the heirs of Mary Longley, Mrs. Etha Burk stated she was a sister of Mrs. Mary Longley. Of their eight children, son Joel Longley (1791-1878) was 1st married to his presumed first cousin, Nancy Bodine, daughter of Francis Bodine.

      In his application for a Revolutionary war pension (see below), we learn that William was living with his father in Loudoun County, Virginia when he joined the militia. In this application, William also says that he was born in New Jersey in 1761. He lived in several more Virginia counties before removing to Sevier County, Tennessee in 1800. He later moved to McMinn County, Tennessee where he was living at the time he wrote his application (June 3, 1833).

      In the pension file, there is also a letter from Mary's sister, Etha Burk, dated September 27, 1854. This was written by Etha after both William and Mary Longley had died. She states that William and Mary had married about 1780 in Loudoun County, Virginia. Etha goes on to say that William died in Polk County, Tennesse about 1841 and that Mary survived her husband about three years. I believe the letter was written from Catoosa County, Georgia.

      Doris N. Johnston says, "I believe it is pretty well established that Mary Ann was a Bodine; her sister Etha was named Bodine when she married Mr. John Burk 30 Sep 1797 in Montgomery Co., VA with her guardian and surety as William Longley."
    Person ID I13590  oldham
    Last Modified 11 Mar 2012 

    Family BODINE, Mary Ann,   b. Abt 1766, Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Jun 1844, Polk County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years) 
    Married 1 Sep 1784  Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
     1. LONGLEY, Mercy
     2. LONGLEY, Abigall
     3. LONGLEY, Sarah
     4. LONGLEY, Jonathon aka Andrew Jonathon,   b. 1 Jul 1788, Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Feb 1851, Cookson Creek, Polk County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     5. LONGLEY, Joel C.,   b. 1 Sep 1791, Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1877  (Age 85 years)
     6. LONGLEY, Joseph Joel,   b. 1 Sep 1791, Rocky Mount, Franklin County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Nov 1829, McMinn County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
     7. LONGLEY, James,   b. 1 Oct 1792, Virginia Or Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jul 1870  (Age 77 years)
     8. LONGLEY, John C.,   b. 4 Nov 1808, Sevier County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1878  (Age 69 years)
    Last Modified 29 Nov 2013 
    Family ID F819  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1 Sep 1761 - New Jersey Colonies Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - - Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1 Sep 1784 - Loudoun County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Nov 1841 - Cookson Creek, Polk County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    Daughters of the Revolutionary War<br>
Grave Marker
    Daughters of the Revolutionary War
    Grave Marker

  • Sources 
    1. [S2896] Juanima L. McFarland.

    2. [S3332] The Heritage of Polk County, Tennessee, (1997).